One of the most common causes of chronic low back pain is degeneration of the lumbar intervertebral discs, better known as degenerative disc disease or DDD. Previously, there was no way to reverse degenerative discs. Once discs were damaged, the condition was permanent, or at least it was! Age-related wear and tear of discs causes a loss of water from within the disc, or dehydration, and degeneration. Not all degenerated discs are immediately painful, however once a disc starts to degenerate, it can develop cracks and tears which will make it susceptible to injury later on.